An estimated 10.6% of residents in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson metro area live below the poverty line, a smaller share than the national poverty rate of 14.7% and a larger share than the state’s poverty rate of 9.7%. Baltimore has the second lowest poverty rate of any Maryland metro area.
A high school education can mean the difference between living above or below the poverty line. Nationwide, the 87.1% of Americans who have at least graduated high school are 1.9 times less likely to be in poverty than those who did not complete high school. In Baltimore, adults who graduated from high school are 2.1 times less likely to be in poverty. An estimated 90.4% of adults in Baltimore have at least a high school diploma, the highest high school attainment rate in the state.
The share of metro area residents living in poverty may depend on the health of the local job market. As the national unemployment rate fell from 8.9% in 2011 to 5.3% in 2015, the number of U.S. jobs increased by 9.9 million. In Baltimore, the 4.5% unemployment rate is lower than the jobless rate nationwide, which may partially explain the low poverty rate.
Low poverty and unemployment often create the conditions for a low violent crime rate. There were 625 violent crimes per 100,000 Baltimore residents in 2015, however, higher than the national crime rate of 373 incidents per 100,000 Americans.
Living in poverty can have adverse effects on physical and mental health. With lower wages, those living in poverty are less likely to have access to healthy food, opportunities for physical activity, and quality medical care. In Baltimore, there are 405 premature deaths s annually, less than the national premature death rate of 474 per 100,000 Americans.
While poverty tends to be concentrated in certain neighborhoods and districts within a city, a metropolitan area with a low poverty rate tends to have wealthier residents overall. The typical household in the Baltimore metro area earns $72,520 annually, lower than the median household income for Maryland of $75,847, and higher than the median income for all U.S. households of $55,775 nationwide. Baltimore has the second highest median household income of any Maryland metro area.
|10||Pine Bluff, AR||25.7%|
|5||Athens-Clarke County, GA||27.1%|
|5||Las Cruces, NM||27.1%|