A typical home in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson metro area costs $290,300, roughly the same as in Maryland as a whole, where the typical home is worth $299,800.

The price of a typical Baltimore home is, however, more than the national median home value of $194,500.

Residents of areas with more expensive real estate also tend to have relatively high incomes. In Baltimore, the typical household earns $72,520 annually, slightly lower than the $75,847 median household income statewide and higher than the $55,775 national figure. Baltimore has the second highest median household income of any Maryland metro area.

Home values tend to be higher in dense, urban areas, where space is limited and land is more expensive as a result. The priciest homes in the country are in cities along the East and West Coast, where population density is also among the highest nationwide. In the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson metro area, there are 1,042 people per square mile, far greater than the average urban population density of 283 Americans per square mile across all metro areas nationwide. Baltimore has the highest population density of any Maryland metro area.

Home values in the metro area may also be augmented by the health of the local job market. People often relocate for occupational reasons, and an area with lower unemployment is more likely to have more expensive real estate. The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson metro area’s unemployment rate was 4.5% as of August 2016, lower than the 4.9% jobless rate nationwide.

Improved unemployment among the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson workforce over the last five years — like most of the country — may have helped increase home values as a result. Since August 2011, the Baltimore unemployment rate has fallen by 3.1 percentage points. Over the same period, home values in the metro area increased by 4.4%. Nationwide, the unemployment rate improved by 4.1 percentage points as the median home value increased by 12.0%.

Areas with high home values are often fairly well-educated. In addition to the better-paying jobs that educated residents often hold, the presence of good schools and universities are likely to increase demand for nearby homes. In Baltimore, 38.6% of adults have at least a bachelor’s degree, a larger share than the 30.6% of Americans with similar education nationwide.

Rank Geography Median
Home Value
10 Santa Rosa, CA $512,100
9 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA $528,700
8 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA $540,600
7 Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA $547,600
6 Napa, CA $555,900
5 Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI $569,300
4 Urban Honolulu, HI $629,900
3 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA $668,300
2 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA $718,400
1 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA $823,700